bd40bc7c7a Josie Glausiusz writes about science and the environment for magazines that include Nature, National Geographic, Scientific American Mind, Discover, New Scientist, and Wired. 2002;13(1):9499. Longnecker and S. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1993. Toxicol Sci. Additionally, a higher prevalence of cryptorchidism and hypospadias (Carbone et al. [PubMed]Crowther CA, Hiller JE, Moss JR, McPhee AJ, Jeffries WS, Robinson JS. Although organophosphates and pyrethroids were, on average, more strongly associated with autism than developmental delay, Shelton wrote, another class of pesticides, called carbamates, were more strongly associated with developmental delay.
[PMC free article] [PubMed]Allen VM, Joseph K, Murphy KE, Magee LA, Ohlsson A. 1994;59:3338. The employers were contacted by telephone to obtain detailed information about working conditions, especially regarding recent and scheduled use of pesticides (trade names and spraying frequency). Compared with women with a BMI of 18.5–24.9 kg/m2, those with a BMI of 25.0–29.9 and > 30 had ORs for PIH of 1.58 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.29–1.95] and 2.47 (95% CI, 1.99, 3.07), respectively. Dev Biol. One studyhas shown that cyfluthrin, a common pyrethroid, has either an equivalent or higher toxic effect as chlorpyrifos on the growth and survival of fetal human astrocytes, which physically support neurons within the central nervous system and sweep up debris within the brain. [PubMed]Klonisch T, Fowler PA, Hombach-Klonisch S. 1963;50:403418.Laier P, Metzdorff SB, Borch J, Hagen ML, Hass U, Christiansen S, et al. [PMC free article] [PubMed]Gray LE, Jr, Ostby J, Monosson E, Kelce WR.